Chain of Custody

The chain of custody in trucking ensures that freight remains secure and unchanged from point A to point B. It involves tracking every step along the transportation route.


Proper documentation is crucial. Bills of Lading (BOL) serve as the receipt for freight services. They detail the kind, quantity, and destination, ensuring the carrier and customer know every aspect. Shipping manifests and invoices add extra layers of information.


Handling touches on who manages the cargo. From loading docks to delivery points, consistent records are necessary. Drivers must note each transfer and stop to ensure clear records of custody.

Security Measures

Security measures are fundamental. Seal numbers are logged and checked at various stages. Electronic tracking devices offer real-time updates, keeping consignors and consignees informed about their freight’s location.


Responsibility falls on several parties. Each handler is accountable for preserving the freight’s condition. Drivers follow specific protocols to minimize damage, document each step, and secure the load efficiently.


Compliance with regulations is mandatory. Federal and state laws dictate how freight must be tracked and reported. Drivers and companies stay updated on these laws to avoid penalties and ensure efficient operations.


Technology aids the chain of custody. GPS trackers, electronic logging devices (ELDs), and digital signatures simplify tracking and documentation. These tools help maintain transparent and accurate records.


Training ensures everyone knows the process. Drivers undergo rigorous training on how to handle shipments, use tracking devices, and document each transfer.

Dispute Resolution

Dispute resolution happens when discrepancies arise. Clear documentation helps quickly settle any disputes about the condition or location of the cargo. Maintaining detailed logs and photos can provide critical evidence.

Best Practices

Best practices include maintaining open communication, using tamper-evident seals, conducting regular audits, and leveraging technology. These steps help secure freight and ensure smooth transit.


Examples include high-value shipments requiring extra security checks and perishable goods needing climate control. Specific handling protocols ensure these shipments reach their destinations intact.

Chain of custody is crucial for ensuring freight reaches its destination safely. Detailed records, proper handling, strict security, and compliance with regulations contribute to the goal. Training and technology further enhance the process, making it efficient and secure.